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Description of Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever

The Breed History..In the southern tip of Nova Scotia in Yarmouth in the early part of the 19th century, the Toller was developed to toll or decoy (lure) the waterfowl and then retrieve them. The dogs will play at the water's edge in response to thrown balls and sticks, and this activity engages the attention of the ducks. They will then come into range for the gunner and once the job is done, the dog swims out to bring in the bird. Breed origins are sketchy, but the Europeans may have brought with them the red decoy dog which was crossed with the local retriever and spaniel types. The first registry to accept this breed, affectionately called "the little red dog" was the Canadian Kennel Club (1945). The AKC first accepted the dog into the Miscellaneous Class in 2001 and accepted it into the Sporting group in 2003. This is the official dog of the province of origin, Nova Scotia...Breeding for Function..Strictly bred for hunter function, these dogs have continued to be encouraged to prove in field tests (Working Certificates WC, WCI, WCX) to ensure that their original suitability for the tolling and retrieving is maintained. They are gradually gaining in popularity as a companion animal. While working, they usually keep their feathered tail in motion...Physical Characteristics..Height at Withers: female 17-20" (43-51 cm), male 18-21" (45.5-53 cm)..Weight: 35-45 lb (16-20 kg)..Coat: The medium length water resistant coat is double. Overall, the coat is straight, though slightly wavy over the back. The undercoat is short, soft and dense. Moderate feathering of legs, tail, underside of body and pantaloons is present, while muzzle hair is short. Colors are red shades, with a range from golden red to copper red. Specific markings are set out in the standard-usually at least one white marking is present. In winter, a heavy coat may curl under the neck. The hairs growing alongside the back of the ears may become fluffy and kinky and long. The ear hairs are gently plucked a few at a time to maintain the outline of the leather. The paws may also become excessively shaggy. To maintain a groomed look, these fuzz feet can be carefully trimmed of excess hair. Weekly brushing is recommended...Longevity: 12-14 years..Points of Conformation: A sturdy well balanced conformation is the hallmark of this medium-sized powerful working dog. Smallest of all of the retriever type dogs, utility has dictated all aspects of conformation. They possess a broad slightly wedge-shaped and rounded skull, a strong profile with moderate stop, the muzzle tapers and lips are tight, and the broad nose matches the coat color or is black. Cheeks are flat. Ears are high and wide set and well back on the skull. Ears are medium in size and length, triangular, and held slightly erect. Eyes are wide set and almond shaped. Eye and eyelid margin color should match the coat or be darker. Rims can also be black. The neck is strong and medium in thickness and length, without throatiness. Deep-chested, back is short and straight, abdomen has moderate tuck. The tail is richly feathered, broader at its base, reaching to the tarsus and is carried above the back while active, and held following the curve of the croup when resting. Medium in bone, these dogs should be slightly longer than high. Feet are medium-sized, webbed, oval and well knuckled up in the toes. Pads are thick, and the front dewclaws can be removed. Rear dewclaws disqualify. Moves with a springy gait, with straight alignment..

Thanks for description - Animal life club

Photo Gallery of Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever